|c.500||IRON AGE in China from 650: 1st significant Iron production begins, but bronze remains the standard for weapons.||550 PW 16
500 MCAW 105
|c.500||CONFUCIUS, governor of Chungtu city from 501, sponsored by Ji Huanzi, head of the Ji clan, becomes minister of justice in LU until 496.||500 tfpCn|
|c.500||GOLDEN RULE V attested by Confucius: "Never impose on others what you would not choose for yourself." and Lao-Tzu: "Regard your neighbor's gain as your own gain, and your neighbor's loss as your own loss." (See Thales 600, Egypt, Leviticus, Mahabharata, Isocrates 390)||500 wikGR|
|c.500||CAST IRON invented. Earliest possible date for invention of iron plough.||500 wikT
|c.500||WALL of Qi, begun 685 to protect Qi from anything south of it, presently existing parts are built. Not finished until 476.||500 flms, wikGWQ|
|c.500||WEY, under duke LING of Wey 534-493, defeated by a Jin minister.||500 ICMH 53|
|c.500||HOU FAN, magistrate of Hou in Lu, revolts against the controling Shusun clan, and repels Shusun forces from Hou. Hou Fan is then defeated and flees to Qi.||500 ICMH 53, wikCnf|
|c.500||IRON TOOLS used in Burma.||1500 wikBrm 500 wikPB 460 luh|
|c.500||Bronze DONG SON drums cast (lost wax method) in north Vietnam until 300CE. Used as musical instruments and cult objects. Decorated with geometric patterns, scenes of daily life, war, animals, birds, and boats.||600 wikDSd 500 PW 16|
|c.500||Austronesians from Taiwan (island east of China) reach Sumatra, Malay peninsula, and south Vietnam.||by 500 fw, wikSmtr|
|c.500||CLERKY SCRIPT (Lishu) begins until 220CE. Characters have fewer strokes and a more flowing style, therefore easily adaptable to brushes and pens. Characters are standardized to remove regional variations, and are identical in shape to modern Chinese characters. Lishu will be widely used in Qin, and continue thru Han.||500 ansc|
|c.500||BRONZE AGE begins in Vietnam.||600-400 B76 19-120|
|c.498||The Ji family at Pi revolts against Duke TING of Lu. Ji troops enter the capital, Qufu.||498
|c.498||Confucius and his disciples persuade the Shu family to raze the walls of Hou, the Ji family to raze the walls of Bi, and the Meng family to raze the walls of Cheng. First, the Shu family leads an army to their city Hou and tear down its walls. Gongshan Furao, a retainer of the Ji family, then revolts and takes control of the forces at Bi. He attacks and enters the capital Lu.||498 wikCnf|
|c.498||ZILU (aka Zhong Yu) (disciple of Confucius), a steward of the duke, leads destruction of the 3 Huan family capitals in Lu.||498
|c.498||Duke Ding personally leads army to besiege Cheng in an attempt to destroy its walls, but does not succeed.||498 wikCnf|
|c.497||JIN Civil War between clans Zhao, Wei, Hann, and Zhi on one side, and Fan and Zhong clans on the other begins until 490.||497
CHAC 599, ICMH 53
|c.497||Tiayuan refounded as JINYANG Zhao capital until 425. Zhao is the clan of Jin that occupies most of original Jin land.||497 wikTyn|
|c.497||King of Yue from 510, YUN CHANG ends. GOUJIAN succeeds 496-65.||497 GHCC 61, ckWY, ckZ, spYue, wikSA 496 rcC|
|c.496||HOLU king of Wu 514-496 goes on punitive expedition against Yue. They battle at ZUILI (aka Jiaxing). Yue army forces 3 capital prisoners to put on a show in front of the enemy, then kill themselves on the battlefield. While Wu troops are bewildered, Yue flanks, attacks, and routs them. Holu is wounded in the hand.||496 CHAC 27, GHCC 61, ICMH 53, MRDK, ckWY, ckZ, EnoSA, hcc|
|c.496||King of Wu from 514 HOLU dies of an infected battle wound. Son FUCHA succeeds 495-73.||496 CHAC 27, GHCC 61, ICMH 53, MRDK, bk, ckWY, ckZ, EnoSA, hcc|
|c.496||CONFUCIUS, minister of justice in LU from 500, either quits or is fired. Leaves Lu.||497 wikCnf
496 KPHP 55, LEWH 57
|c.496||CONFUCIUS starts editing ANNALS of LU 722-481.||496 KPHP 55, LEWH 57|
|c.496||CONFUCIUS becomes a wandering teacher until 483.||497 MCAW 105|
|c.495||CONFUCIUS travels to Wei, Chen, Song, and Kuang.||495 bk|
|c.495||Duke of Lu from 509, TING ends. Son AI succeeds 494-67.||495 CHAC 27, HFHD6 27, MRDK, ckLu, friC 494 rcC|
|c.495||MANURE used by Chinese farmers. The west won't catch on to this until the 1700s.||500-491 TTS, TTT|
|c.494||GOUJIAN king of Yue attacks Wu. FUCHA king of WU defeats Goujian at Fujiao in north Shaoxing. Wu army pursues and captures Huiji (aka Kuaiji, present Shaoxing of Zhejiang), capital of Yue. Goujian and 5,000 men flee to Mount Guiji, where they are besieged by Wu troops. Goujian surrenders and agrees to become a hostage and slave to King Fucha of Wu.||494 ckZ, hcc, icZ, yutZ
CHAC 601, icZ
|c.494||YUE state recognizes WU kingdom as overlord.||494 GHCC, bk|
|c.493||Duke of Wey from 534 LING deposed by grandson Chu, son of Kuaikui. CHU succeeds 492-81. Kuaikui, who used to be the heir of Duke Ling, had been deposed and exiled.||493 ckW, friC, WeiSA|
|c.493||Duke of Yen from 504 CHIEN ends.
Son XIEN succeeds 492-65.
|493 CHAC 27, MRDK, ckY, friC, rcC, yut|
|c.492||Ji Kang-zi, head of the 3 families who rule in Lu asks advice of CONFUCIUS, who advises him for several years to promote good government.||492 bk
no date: bkCL
|c.492||GOUJIAN king of Yue surrenders himself, his family, and some officials as promised in 494 to King FuCha of Wu until 490.||492 ucprs|
|c.491||DALEUM ends. King of Dangun dyn of Korea from 509. UMCHA succeeds until 471.||491 rcK|
|c.491||Duke of Qin from 501 HUI-I ends. Son Duke DAO succeeds 490-77.||491 CHAC 27, MRDK, ckQn, friC, wikQn|
|c.491||Marquis ZHAO of Cai under Chu from 518 ends. Shuo becomes Marquis CHENG of Cai 490-72.||491 CHAC 517, MRDK, ckCai, wikCai Duke: friC|
|c.490||GOUJIAN, former king of Yue, slave to King Fucha of Wu from 492, allowed to return to Yue.||490 ucprs
3 years after 494 hcc
|c.490||JIN Civil War from 497 between Zhao, Wei, Hann, and Zhi lineages on one side, and Fan and Zhong lineages on the other ends with destruction of Fan and Zhong lineages. Resumes 458.||491 ICMH 54 490 CHAC 600 475 wikWS|
|c.490||Duke of Qi from 547 JING ends.
Son Tu succeeds as YAN RUZI, Duke of Qi until 489.
|490 CHAC 27, 501, MRDK, ckQi, ckZ, friC, wikQi
489 HFHD6 28, rcC
|c.489||Duke of Qi from 490 YAN RUZI dies. Deposed and killed by ministers led by Tien Qi in behalf of his eldest bro, Yangsheng succeeds as DAO Duke of Qi 488-85.||490 ICMH 54
489 CHAC 27, MRDK, ckQi, friC, wikQi 489 rcC
|c.489||King of Chu from 515, CHAO ends.
Son Xiong Zhang succeeds as HUI King of Chu 488-32.
|489 MRDK, ckChu, friC, wikChu 488 rcC|
|c.487||TSAO, a state in southwest Shandong, destroyed by Chu.||487 HFHD 199|
|c.487||Duke of Cao from 501, FEI captured.
CAO, independent duchy from 1046, falls to Song.
|487 MRDK, ckCao, friC, rcC, wikCao|
|c.486||GANG ends. King of Gi dyn of Joseon Korea from 503. HON succeeds until 465.||486 rcK|
|c.486||Qi defeats an invading Wu force in battle, possibly including a sea battle.||486 ICMH 54 485 EnoSA|
|c.486||HAN CANAL begun by king Fucha of Wu 495-73 from south of Yangzhou to north of Huaian in Jiangsu. Within 3 years it links Yangtze R. to Huai R. in southern Shandong. It is not finished until over 1,000 years later.||486 CHAC 564, wikGC, wikT
486-82 GHCC 482 bk
|c.485||Duke of Qi from 488, DAO poisoned by Bao Xi on advice of Tien Heng, head of Tien clan, who murders heir chosen by dead Dao, and puts another child in his place.
Son Ren becomes Duke JIAN of Qi 484-81.
Qi Civil War follows. TIEN clan fights several rival clans for supremacy.
CHAC 27, 598, MRDK, ckQi, friC, wikQi
|c.485||A Wu and Lu alliance defeats Qi at Xi.||485 ICMH 54|
|c.485||Wu several times attacks Qi by land and by sea, finally defeating Qi at battle of Ailing.||485 CHAC 564 485-4 ckZ|
|c.484||Death of Wu Zixu, an official of the Wu state and advisor to former king Holu.||484 wikT|
|c.484||Qi generals Guo Shu and Gao Wupi invade Lu as far as Qing. The 3 ruling Huan clans assemble an army at the capital, Qufu. Qi is defeated.||484 ICMH 54|
|c.483||YAN HUI, disciple of Confucius, dies age 32, causing excessive grief to Confucius.||490 WikYanHui 483 yutZ|
|c.483||CONFUCIUS, wandering teacher from 496, returns to Lu, continues writing his dialogues.||484 bk
483 MCAW 109
|c.482||King FUCHA of Wu 495-73 holds interstate meeting at Huangchi, attended by vassals of Central Plains. Despite Jin opposition, WU claims overlordship and the king of Zhou grants him hegemony in north. High point of Wu leadership.||482 B76 4-304, CHAC 564, bk, EnoSA, hcc|
|c.482||King Goujian of Yue in a surprise assault while King Fucha is away at Huangchi, crushes Wu army, captures Wu capital, captures heir apparent.||482 CHAC 601, icZ, wikT|
|c.481||Duke of Qi from 484, JIAN is killed by prime minister CHANG, new chief of the TIEN clan, who murders rival puppet, puts victim's younger bro on throne, and then kills all adversaries and most of the ruler's family. Tien clan takes over all of Qi except capital Linzi, and western plain between Mt. Tai and Yellow River. Bro Ao becomes Duke PING of Qi, 480-56.||482 ckQi
481 CHAC 27, 450, 598, ICMH 55, MRDK, ckZ, friC, icZ, wikQi 480 rcC
|c.481||Duke of Wey from 492 CHU exiled by his father Kuaikui, who succeeds as Duke ZHUANG of Wey 480-78.||481 ckW, friC, WeiSA|
|c.481||SPRING and AUTUMN PERIOD ends. (aka ANNALS Period) in China from 722.||481 B76 II-891, 4-304, CHAC 15, 545, LEWH 57, bk, frie, wikHC, wikT
476 tcgEZ, wikHC 464 ICMH 20
|c.481||WARRING STATES PERIOD begins until 221.||481 B76 II-891, X-553, 4-305, 14-1,
LEWH 57, MCAW 108, frie, wikChu
480 CHAC 16 476 wikHC, tcgEZ, wikW
475 wikWS 453 GHCC, bk 403 wikZ
East Asia 481-301