Assyria
c.1000 CHESED ARAMEANS arrive in Babylonia. 1000 IDB 1-191
c.1000 The ARAMEAN racial movement, which had caused much dislocation in Mesopotamia, begins to lose momentum.  Tribes consolidate into small states. 1000 Sag1 91
c.1000 CHALDEANS, a group of Aramean Semites from Arabian desert, begin migrating into Babylonia. 1000 TAWH 56 900 mxfld
c.1000 OXEN, exclusively used for heavy transport until now when Λ CAMELS are added in Mesopotamia and Levant.   (See Asia 1200, Arabia 1000) 1600 mxfld
1000 SHT 1-719-20
c.1000 LEAD GLAZES used to surface brick and tile. 1000 TTT
c.987 EULMA-SHAKIN-SHUMI, king of Babylon from 1004, ends.  NINURTA-KUDUR-USUR-I succeeds to 985. 987 CAH 2.2, RAI3, brKB, frM, hifi, stmaB, wikB     986 MRDK
c.985 NINURTA-KUDUR-USUR-I, king of Babylon from 987, ends.  SHIRIQTI-SHUQAMUNU succeeds to 984. 985 CAH 3.1, brKB, hifi, stmaB, wikB    984 CAH 2.2
no date: MRDK, frM
c.984 SHIRIQTI-SHUQAMUNU, king of Babylon from 985, ends. 985 CAH 3.1, brKB, hifi, stmaB, wikB
984 CAH 2.2
no date:
MRDK, frM
6th DYNASTY of Babylon ends.  Began 1004.
MAR-BITI-APLA-USUR is the only member of the 7th dynasty until 979.
c.979 MAR-BITI-APLA-USUR, king of Babylon from 984, ends.  NABU-MUKIN-APLI succeeds to 943. 979 CAH 3.1, brKB, hifi, wikB
978 CAH 2.2, MRDK
977 frM, stmaB     no date: RAI3
8th DYNASTY of Babylon begins until 732.
c.973 Son of Ashurnasirpal-I, ASHUR-RABI-II ends.  King of Assyria from 1013.  Son ASHUR-RESHISHI-II succeeds to 967. 973 CAH 2.2, RAI3, frM, kidA, hifi
972 CAH 3.1, absA, lexA
970 RAI2, Sag
c.971 Festivals suspended in Babylonia due to Aramaean invasions. 971-70 hifi
c.967 Son of Ashur-rabi-II, ASHUR-RESHISHI-II ends.  King of Assyria from 973.  Son TIGLATH-PILESER-II succeeds to 935. 968 CAH 2.2, 3.1, hifi     967 CAH 3.1, MRDK, RAI3, absA, bk, frM, kidA, lexA 966 RAI2, Sag, WPoT 138
c.943 MEASUREMENT:  Chaldeans use a water filled cube to measure time, weight, and length. 943 TToH 7
c.943 NABU-MUKIN-APLI, king of Babylon from 979, ends.  Son NINURTA-KUDURRI-USUR-II succeeds and ends.  Other son MAR-BITI-AHHE-IDDINA succeeds to 920. 955 RAI2     943 CAH 3.1, MRDK, brKB, hifi, wikB
942 RAI3, frM, stmaB
c.935 Son of Ashur-resha-ishi-II, TIGLATH-PILESER-II ends.  King of Assyria from 967.  Son ASHUR-DAN-II succeeds to 912. 935 CAH 2.2, 3.1, MRDK, RAI2, RAI3, Sag, absA, bk, frM, hifi, kidA, lexA
c.920 MAR-BITI-AHHE-IDDINA, son of Nabu-mukin-apli, king of Babylon from 943, ends.  SHAMASH-MUDAMMIQ succeeds to 900. 942 RAI2     930 B76 11-982
920 brKB, hifi, wikB
no date: MRDK, RAI3, frM, stmaB
c.912 Son of Tiglath-Pileser-II, ASHUR-DAN-II ends.  King of Assyria from 935.  Son ADAD-NIRARI-II succeeds to 891. 912 B76 11-982, CAH 3.1, RAI2, RAI3, Sag, WPOT 138, 158, absA, bk, frM, kidA, lexA     911 MRDK, hifi
c.912 MIDDLE ASSYRIAN Period ends.  Began 1393.
NEO ASSYRIAN Period begins to 612.
912 absA     911 WPoT, frM, hifi, kidA, wikA
c.900 ARAMEAN influx into Babylonia from 1080 ends. 900 WPOT 193
c.900 SHAMASH-MUDAMMIQ, king of Babylon from 920, ends.  NABU-SHUM-UKIN-I succeeds to 888. 909 RAI2     904 B76 11-982
900 RAI3, brKB, frM, hifi, wikB
no date: MRDK, stmaB
c.891 Son of Ashur-Dan-II, ADAD-NIRARI-II ends.  King of Assyria from 912.  Son TUKULTI-NINURTA-II succeeds to 884. 911 WPoT     891 B76 11-982, CAH 3.1, RAI2, RAI3, absA, bk, frM, kidA, lexA     890 MRDK, Sag     889 hifi
c.889 TUKULTI-NINURTA-II, begins  ANNALS  until 884. 889 SHT 1-251
c.888 TUKULTI-NINURTA-II, king of Assyria 891-84, deals with mountain region east of Assyria.  Secures area between upper & lower Zab River. 886
Sag1 95
c.888 TUKULTI-NINURTA-II, king of Assyria 891-84, fighting Nairi country southwest of Lake Van from 890, subjugates king of Nairi, makes him a vassal. 886
Sag1 95
c.888 TUKULTI-NINURTA-II, king of Assyria 891-84, marches south on east side of Tigris against NABU-SHUM-UKIN-I, king of Babylon, who is too weak to inspire Babylonian support. 885
Sag1 95
c.888 NABU-SHUM-UKIN-I, king of Babylon from 900, ends.  Son NABU-APLA-IDDINA succeeds to 855. 888 B76 11-982, RAI2, RAI3, brKB, frM, hifi, stmaB, wikB
no date: MRDK
c.884 Son of Adad-Nirari-II, TUKULTI-NINURTA-II ends.  King of Assyria from 891.  Son ASHUR-NASIRPAL-II succeeds to 859. 891 WPoT     889 MCAW: 58
884 B76 11-982, CAH 3.1, MRDK, MWΦ 15, RAH 99, RAI2, RAI3, Sag, SOTS 165, WPOT 119, absA, bk, hifi, lexA     883 HCC, frM, kidA
c.879 CAPITAL of Assyria: NINEVEH from ?, moved to CALAH by Ashur-Nasirpal-II until 710. 880 PW 15
879 B76 1-821, Sag1 97, Sag2 96
c.876 ASHUR-NASIRPAL-II, king of Assyria 884-59, defeats Phoenician and Hittite alliance at Carchemish, takes Carchemish, takes Aram to the coast, all without resistance.  Receives tribute from Tyre, Sidon, Byblos, Makhalata, Kaisa, Amurru, Arvad.  He builds a fortress at Haran from which to administrate the country. 876 B76 17-942, 944, MCAW 58     875 MWΦ 16
no date
PANE1 188
c.866 ASHUR-NASIRPAL-II, king of Assyria 884-59, defeats insurgents of Kashiari Hills in Lake Van area. 866 Sag1 97
c.859 Son of Tukulti-Ninurta-II, ASHUR-NASIRPAL-II dies.  King of Assyria from 884.  Son SHALMANEZER-III succeeds to 824. 859 B76 11-983, 18-1039, CAH 3.1, FLAP 170, HCC, IDB 1-272, MCAW 58, MRDK, MWΦ 15, RAH 99, RAI2, RAI3, Sag, SOTS 165, WPoT 119, 138, absA, bk, frM, hifi, kidA, lexA
c.857 SHALMANEZER-III, king of Assyria 859-24, writes  ANNALS . 857 WPOT 141
c.856 SHALMANEZER-III, king of Assyria 859-24, defeats ARAME, king of Urartu.  Destroys capital ARZASHKU. 856 B76 18-1039 no date: wikU
c.855 CHALDEANS revolt against pro-Assyrian king of Babylon Nabu-Apla-Iddina. -
c.855 NABU-APLA-IDDINA, son of Nabu-shum-ukin-I, king of Babylon from 888, ends.  Son MARDUK-ZAKIR-SHUMI-I succeeds 854-19. 855 B76 11-983, RAI3, brKB, frM, hifi, stmaB, wikB
852 MRDK, RAI2     850 bk
c.853 SHALMANEZER-III, king of Assyria 859-24, crosses Tigris, kills Giammu on the Balih (Haran) River, enters Sahala, and Tilshaturahi, approaches Kar-Shulmanashared, returns to Assyria. yr 6 PANE1 189
c.851 Hostilities break out in Babylon between king MARDUK-ZAKIR-SHUMI-I and his bro MARDUK-BEL-USATE backed by Arameans.  Marduk-Zakir-Shumi asks Assyrians for help. 851
B76 11-983, RAI2 247
c.850 MARDUK-ZAKIR-SHUMI-I king of Babylon, backed by Assyrians, defeats bro MARDUK-BEL-USATE backed by Arameans. 850
B76 11-983
c.850 Kurkh MonolithKURKH MONOLITH:  Contains the name "A-ha-ab-bu Sir-ila-a-a" which is proposed to be a reference to Ahab of Israel.  Though scholars have disputed the translation, it is significant as the only possible known reference to the term "Israel" in Assyrian and Babylonian records. 850 wikLABA



Photo {{PD-US}}
c.849 URARTU attacked by Shalmanezer-III. 849 bk
c.844 URARTU:  Many settlements destroyed by Shalmanezer-III. 844 B76 18-1039
c.840 URARTU, hassled by Assyrians from 1275, Assyrian invasions cease.  Urartu begins rise. 840 B76 18-1039, TAWH 16
c.838 ARAMEAN area in middle Euphrates annexed by Shalmanezer-III. 838 B76 I-475
c.836 MEDES ("Madai" in plain of Kurdistan) first mentioned in Assyrian records from an expedition of Shal-III, to whom they pay tribute.  Media is divided into small principalities in central Zagros Mts. 836 hifi
834
MCAW 58
c.836 PARSU (Persians in mountains of Kurdistan) first mentioned in Assyrian records.  They pay tribute to Shal-III. 837 NLEM 309 836 WPOT 313
c.831 Assyrian general claims victory over king of Urartu (Sarduri-I?). 831 MCAW 58
c.827 ASHUR-NADIN-APLI, son of Shalmanezer-III, revolts with 27 cities including Ashur, Nineveh, Erbil, Arrapkha until 822. 828 B76 11-983 827 RAI2 249
c.827 SHAMSHI-ADAD, son of Shalmanezer-III, leads imperial army against bro Ashur-Nadin-Apli.  War until 822. 827 RAI2 249
c.824 Son of Ashurnasirpal-II, SHALMANEZER-III ends.  King of Assyria from 859.  Son SHAMSHI-ADAD-V succeeds 823-11. 824 B76 11-983, CAH 3.1, FLAP 171, HCC, IDB 1-272, MCAW 60, MRDK, MWΦ 16, RAI2, RAI3, Sag, SOTS 165, 177, WPOT 138, absA, bk, frM, hifi, kidA, lexA
c.822 ASHUR-NADIN-APLI, son of Shalmanezer-III, revolting against legitimate authority from 827, suppressed by SHAMSHI-ADAD-V king of Assyria 823-11 (having ignominiously asked aid from Babylon). 827
RAI2 249
c.820 SHAMSHI-ADAD-V king of Assyria 823-11, invades PARSU (Persian) country. 820
WPOT 313
c.820 SHAMSHI-ADAD-V king of Assyria 823-11, wars with Babylon until death 811.  Extends boundaries east and south. 820 CAH 3
c.819 MARDUK-ZAKIR-SHUMI-I, son of Nabu-apla-iddina, king of Babylon from 855, ends.  Son MARDUK-BALASSU-IQBI succeeds to 813. 828 RAI2, RAI3     819 RAI3, brKB, frM, hifi, stmaB, wikB no date: MRDK
c.813 MARDUK-BALASSU-IQBI, son of Marduk-zakir-shumi-I, king of Babylon from 819, ends.  BABA-AHA-IDDINA succeeds to 811. 813 brKB, hifi, wikB
no date: MRDK, RAI2, RAI3, frM, stmaB
c.811 BABA-AHA-IDDINA, king of Babylon from 813, ends.  Five unimportant kings succeed to 800. 811 brKB, hifi, wikB
no date: MRDK, frM, stmaB
c.811 SHAMSHI-ADAD-V, king of Assyria, offers sacrifices in city of Babylon. 811 Sag1 102
c.811 Son of Shalmanezer-III, SHAMSHI-ADAD-V dies.  King of Assyria from 824.  Young son ADAD-NIRARI-III succeeds to 783.  Mother SAMMU-RAMAT is regent until 805. 811 B76 11-983, CAH 3.1, FLAP 173, MCAW 60, MCAW 60, MNHK 112, MRDK, RAI2, RAI3, Sag, SOTS 166, WPOT 138, absA, bk, frM, hifi, kidA, lexA     810 HCC
c.805 SAMMU-RAMAT, regent for son ADAD-NIRARI-III, king of Assyria 811-783, dies. 808 absA, lexA     806 B76 11-983, 18-1040, SOTS 196     805 hifi, kidA
A-N-III yr 5 Sag1 103
omit: MRDK, RAI2, RAI3, Sag, frM
c.800 BABYLON, under 5 unimportant kings from 811, NINURTA-APLA-??? becomes king until 790. 800 brKB, hifi, wikB
no date: MRDK, frM, stmaB
c.790 NINURTA-APLA-??? king of Babylon from 800, ends.  MARDUK-BEL-ZERI succeeds to 780. 790 brKB, hifi, wikB
no date: MRDK, frM, stmaB
c.790 ADAD-NIRARI-III king of Assyria 811-783 makes treaty with MARDUK-BEL-ZERI king of Babylon.  Assyria is protector. 790 MCAW 62
c.783 Son of Shamshi-Adad V, ADAD-NIRARI-III dies.  King of Assyria from 811.  Son SHALMANEZER-IV succeeds to 772. 783 B76 11-983, CAH 3.1, FLAP 173, HCC, MCAW 62, MNHK 112, RAI2, RAI3, Sag, absA, bk, frM, hifi, kidA, lexA     782 MRDK, WPoT
c.781 ASSYRIA politically paralized until 745. 781 RAI2 751
c.780 MARDUK-BEL-ZERI king of Babylon from 790, ends.  MARDUK-APLA-USUR succeeds to 769. 780 brKB, hifi, wikB
no date: MRDK, RAI3, frM, stmaB
c.779 ARGISHTI-I king of Urartu 785-56, operating around Zab and Lake Urmia, reports victories over Assyrians. yr 6
B76 18-1040
c.778 ARGISHTI-I king of Urartu 785-56, operating around Zab and Lake Urmia, reports victories over Assyrians. yr 7
B76 18-1040
c.772 Son of Adad-nirari-III, SHALMANEZER-IV ends.  King of Assyria from 783.  Son ASHUR-DAN-III succeeds to 755. 773 B76 11-983, CAH 3.1, FLAP 173, HCC, absA, hifi, lexA
772 MRDK, RAI3, frM, kidA
782 WPoT     771 RAI2, Sag
c.769 MARDUK-APLA-USUR king of Babylon from 780, ends.  ERIBA-MARDUK succeeds to 761. 782 IDB 3-355     769 brKB, hifi, wikB
no date: MRDK, RAI3, frM, stmaB
c.765 NINEVEH, under ASHUR-DAN-III, hit by plague. 765 ISBE 2-1115
763 Jun 15 SOLAR ECLIPSE recorded and identified in Assyrian eponym lists as year 10 of Ashurdan-III.
"Bur-Sagale of Guzana, revolt in the city of Assur.  In the month Simanu an eclipse of the sun took place"
Assyrian Chronicles
763 MCAW 63, MNHK 69, RAI2 37, RAI3 302, Sdl 4-143, TToH, doth, livBQ, nasa, wiclips, wyhm
c.761 ERIBA-MARDUK king of Babylon from 769, ends.  NABU-SHUMA-ISHKUN succeeds to 748. 763 RAI2   762 IDB 3-355   761 RAI3, brKB, frM, hifi, stmaB, wikB
no date: MRDK
c.759 NINEVEH, under ASHUR-DAN-III, hit by plague. 759 ISBE 2-1115
c.755 Son of Shalmaneser-IV, ASHUR-DAN-III ends.  King of Assyria from 772.  Son of Adad-Nirari-III, ASHUR-NIRARI-V succeeds to 745. 755 B76 11-983, CAH 3.1, FLAP 173, HCC, RAI3, absA, frM, hifi, kidA, lexA 754 MRDK, RAI2, Sag
c.753 SARDURI-II, king of Urartu 756-34, defeats ASHUR-NIRARI-V, king of Assyria 755-45 in upper basin of Tigris. 753
B76 18-1040
c.750 MARI, under Babylon from 1200, comes under Assyria until 609. 750 rcS
c.750 GLASS V making:  A declining industry in Mesopotamia from 1200, revives.   (See Egypt 550) 8-700 txgls
c.748 NABU-SHUMA-ISHKUN king of Babylon from 761, ends.  Pro-Assyrian NABU-NASIR (Nabonassar) succeeds to 734. 748 CAH 3.1, RAI3, brKB, frM, hifi, stmaB, wikB
747 DGRG 1-356, GHH, MCAW 64, MNHK, RAI2, Sag
no date: MRDK
747 Feb 26 1st year of Nabonassar (Anno Nabonassari) begins at noon according to Claudius Ptolemy.  Berossus of Cos quotes Syncellus as saying, "He [Nabonassar] gathered the records of his predecessors and destroyed them, thus ensuring that the history of the Chaldean kings began with him." 747 DGRG 1-356, Feb 26 DGRBM 2-1135, GHH, wikNbnsr
c.747 Λ CALENDAR V REFORM by Nabu-Nasir on advice of astronomers.  Adds 7 extra months in 19 lunar years.  This  NABU-NASIR CALENDAR  becomes standard calendar 388-367.  Λ ASTRONOMICAL V observations are henceforth recorded, but are not completely preserved.  Oldest extant tablet is from 568.   (See Egyptian 1500, Olmec 1200, Gezer 950, Roman 713, Cleostratos 520, Chinese 444) 747
BCoC 179, MNHK 70, RAI2 305, RAI3 365
746 Feb 6 LUNAR ECLIPSE begins a list of celestial phenomena in Babylon. Feb 6, 746 acc. to Britton: wikNbnsr
c.745 CALAH, under Assyria from ?, rebels. 745 WPOT 160
c.745 Son of Adad-Nirari-III, ASHUR-NIRARI-V dies.  King of Assyria from 755, murdered in palace revolt, with most of family.  Son TIGLATH-PILESER-III succeeds to 727. 746 B76 11-983, MCAW 64, RAI2, Sag1 104
745 CAH 3.1, FLAP 173, HCC, MNHK 69, MRDK, RAH, RAI3, SOTS 322, absA, bk, frM, hifi, kidA, lexA
c.745 TIGLATH-PILESER-III, king of Assyria 745-27, goes to Babylonia, helps NABU-NASIR king of Babylon 748-34 fight and defeat Arameans. 746 B76 11-984 745 MNHK 121
c.745 BABYLON subdued by TIGLATH-PILESER-III. 745 SOTS 207
c.737 TIGLATH-PILESER-III, king of Assyria 745-27, fights in Urartu until 73?.  Only partly successful. 737 SOTS 164, 198
735 B76 11-984
c.737 Assyrians invade PARSUA (Persia). 737 WPOT 313
c.735 TIGLATH-PILESER-III, besieges TUSHPA, capital of Urartu. 735 B76 1-821, 18-1040, RAI2 256
c.734 NABU-NASIR king of Babylon from 748, dies.  pro-Assyrian NABU-NADIN-ZER succeeds to 732. 734 CAH 3.1, 3.2, MNHK, RAI2, RAI3, Sag, brKB, frM, hifi, stmaB, wikB
732 wikNbnsr     no date: MRDK
c.734 NABU-MUKIN-ZER, Chaldean chief of Bit-Amukani tribe, rebels against pro-Assyrian king of Babylon NABU-NADIN-ZER. 734
Sag1 109
c.732 NABU-NADIN-ZER king of Babylon from 734, ends.  NABU-SHUM-UKIN-II succeeds and ends.  Chaldean usurper NABU-MUKIN-ZER succeeds to 729. 732 CAH 3.2, MNHK, RAI2, RAI3, Sag, brKB, frM, hifi, stmaB, wikB, MRDK
731 RAI2 257
8th DYNASTY of Babylon ends.  Began 979.
MIDDLE BABYLONIAN Period ends.  Began 1157.
ASSYRIAN RULE begins until 620.
c.732 TIGLATH-PILESER-III king of Assyria, attacks and defeats NABU-MUKIN-ZER king of Babylon and his allies. 732
B76 11-984
c.729 NABU-MUKIN-ZER king of Babylon from 732, captured by Assyrians.  TIGLATH-PILESER-III, king of Assyria 745-27, takes over until 727.  (1st Assyrian to rule Babylon since 1227).   Kings of Assyria are now also called king of Babylon. 730 RAI2     729 B76 11-984, CAH 3.2, MRDK, RAI2 257, Sag, brKB, hifi, wikB
728 MCAW 64     727 MNHK
721 frM, stmaB
no date: RAI3
c.728 MARDUK-APAL-IDDINA (Merodach Baladan) Chaldean sheikh of Bit-Yakin tribe, submits to TIGLATH-PILESER-III. 728
MCAW 64
c.727 Son of Adad-Nirari-V, TIGLATH-PILESER-III dies.  King of Assyria from 745, king of Babylon from 729.  Son SHALMANEZER-V succeeds to 722. 727 B76 11-984, CAH 3.1, 3.2, FLAP 173, HCC, MCAW 67, MNHK 125, MRDK, RAH, RAI2, RAI3, Sag, SOTS 166, 199, WPOT 138, 161, absA, bk, frM, hifi, kidA, lexA
c.722 Son of TP-III, SHALMANEZER-V ends.  King of Assyria and Babylon from 727, dethroned by coup headed by Sargon (probably a bro).  SARGON-II succeeds as king of Assyria until 705, continuing the policies of his father. 722 B76 IX-107, 11-984, BCoC 165, CAH 3.1, 3.2, FLAP 174, HCC, MNHK 125, RAH 100, RAI2, RAI3, Sag, SOTS 322, WPoT, absA, frM, hifi, kidA, lexA     721 B76 16-248
c.722 MARDUK-APAL-IDDINA-II Chaldean sheikh of Bit-Yakin tribe, unites Chaldean and Aramean tribes behind him, allies with Elam, siezes Babylon, becomes king of Babylon until 710 (while Sargon-II claims the same title). 722 B76 VI-809, MRDK, RAI2, Sag, hifi     721 B76 11-984, GHH, IDB 3-355, MNHK, RAI2 265-6, RAI3, Sag, WPoT 188, frM, stmaB, wikB 720 Sdl 4-243, bk     710 MCAW 66
721 Mar 19 LUNAR ECLIPSE seen in Babylon in 1st year of "Mardokempados" (Marduk-Apal-Iddina-II). 721 Mar. 19 MNHK 71, doth
Other eclipses in Mar. 18 & Sep. 1 of his 2nd year (720) are also recorded.
c.721 SARGON-II, king of Assyria and Babylon 721-05, marches against MARDUK-APAL-IDDINA-II east of Tigris, defeated by Elamite army at Der, returns to AssyriaLeaves Babylon alone until 710. 721 B76 11-984, LEWH 52, Sag 720 RAI2 258
c.721 SARGON-II, king of Assyria and Babylon 721-05, returns from east to Assyria. guess
c.720 CUT Λ GLASS V:  oldest datable cold cut vessel found at Calah, inscribed "Sargon-II". 720
SHT 2-336
c.715 DIAUKKU chieftain in Media, captured by SARGON-II, deported. 715 WPOT 314
c.715 Zagros Mountain captives deported to Assyria by Sargon-II. 714 B76 9-832
c.714 SENNACHERIB, son of Sargon-II, on recon mission in Urartu, learns of defeat of Rusas-I, reports it to his father. 714
B76 18-1040
c.714 SARGON-II, king of Assyria 722-05, major offensive against Urartu.  Goes to province of Zamua, thence north to land of his vassal Ullusunu the Manaean, marches east against Zikirtu and Urartu, sacks and destroys chief Urartian cities.  Defeats RUSAS-I and allies at Lake Urima, decides not to besiege Rusas in Tushpa, plunders Ardini (main religious center), takes statue of Haldi.  No further trouble from Urartu. 714 B76 11-984, 16-249, 18-1040, MCAW 64, RAI2 259, Sag1 113-114, SHT 1-246,
WPOT 162, wikU
c.713 SARGON-II, king of Assyria 722-05, conquers region of Ecbatana, receives tribute from Medes. 713 RAI2 259, RAI3 312
c.711 SARGON-II, king of Assyria 722-05, sends his tartan to besiege Ashdod. 711 SOTS 210
c.710 SARGON-II, king of Assyria 722-05, victorious everywhere, controls all Palestine except Judah.  In the east he controls everything up to and including most of Zagros Mountains.  He now attacks MARDUK-APAL-IDDINA-II, king of Babylon. 710
IDB 3-355, RAI2 261
c.710 MARDUK-APAL-IDDINA-II, king of Babylon from 722, defeated by SARGON-II of Assyria, who takes over as king until 705.   M-A-I-II flees eastward, maintains position as sheikh of Bit-Yakin tribe. 711 RAI2, Sag     710 B76 11-984, CAH 3.2, IDB 3-355, MNHK, MRDK, RAI3, Sdl 4-243, WPoT 162, 188, brKB, stmaB, wikB     709 LEWH 52, Sdl 4-253, frM     703 hifi
c.710 CAPITAL of Assyria:  CALAH from 879, moved slightly north to DUR-SHARRUKIN until 704. 710
PW 15
c.709 DUR YAKIN, capital of Marduk-Apal-Iddina-II, taken and destroyed by Sargon-II. 709
B76 VI-809
c.707 CIMMERIANS in Urartu from 715, new wave enters from between Black & Caspian Seas, defeat ARGISHTI-II, procede south, turn west into Assyrian province of Que. 707 Sag1 116, Sag2 110
c.705 MEDIA, divided into small principalities from at least 834, conquered by SARGON-II, under Assyria until ?. 705
LEWH 53
c.705 SARGON-II dies.  King of Assyria from 722, king of Babylon from 710, in Anatolia, killed fighting CimmeriansSon SENNACHERIB succeeds as king of Assyria to 681, as king of Babylon to 703. 705 B76 1-822, BCoC 165, CAH 3.1, 3.2, FLAP 174, HCC, IDB 1-272, 2-732, MCAW 66, MNHK 125, MRDK, RAH 100, RAI2, RAI3, Sag, Sdl 1-414, SOTS 166, 210, WPoT 162, absA, bk, frM, hifi, kidA, lexA
c.704 CAPITAL of Assyria:  DUR-SHARRUKIN from 710, moved by Sennacherib to his newly rebuilt NINEVEH until 612. 705 PW 15    704 MCAW 65
701 B76 11-985
c.703 MARDUK-ZAKIR-SHUMI-II, son of a slave, becomes king of Babylon, and ends the same year.  MARDUK-APAL-IDDINA-II returns from Elam with army and resumes as king of Babylon until 702. 705 stmaB, frM     704 IDB 3-355
703 B76 VI-809, 11-985, 16-542, CAH 3.2, IDB 3-355, 4-270, MNHK, MRDK, RAI3 321, Sag1 118, Sag2 112, Sdl 4-258, brKB, hifi, wikB     omit: RAI2, RAI3, Sag
c.703 SENNACHERIB, king of Assyria 705-681, defeats Elamites at Cutha (northeast of Babylon), takes Cutha by storm, breaks up Chaldean allies at Kish, controls north Babylonia. 703 RAI3 321,
Sag1 119, Sag2 112
c.702 CYAXARES king of Media, attacks an Assyrian province. 702 SOTS 314
c.702 MARDUK-APAL-IDDINA-II, king of Babylon from 703, defeated by Sennacherib at Kish, flees eastward into swamps.  Sennacherib retakes Babylon, keeps south Babylonia under Assyrian control, but installs native Babylonian BEL-IBNI in north Babylonia to 700. 703 RAI2 266, Sdl 4-253, brKB, wikB 702 B76 11-985, CAH 3.2, IDB 4-271, MNHK, MRDK, RAI2, Sag1 119, Sag2 112, Sdl 4-258, SOTS 212, frM, hifi, stmaB     omit: RAI3
c.702 SENNACHERIB, king of Assyria 705-681, campaigns against Elamite vassals in Zagros Mts. 702 B76 11-985, 16-542
c.700 BOATS:  A relief at Nineveh shows men swimming across the Tigris on inflated animal skins.  Another relief shows a boat with a horse head towing timber. 700
LS 11, 31
c.700 Water TUNNELS to subterranean aquifers built in Assyria. 700 TTT
c.700 PULLEY used in Assyria. 700 TTT
c.700 MARDUK-APAL-IDDINA-II, sheikh of Bit-Yakin tribe, when Assyrian troops leave, conspires with Chaldeans, Arameans, and Elamites, usurps control of south Babylonia until later in 700. 700
RAI2 266, RAI3 321
c.700 SENNACHERIB, king of Assyria 705-681, overlord of Babylonia, in Palestine from 701, returns to Babylonia, suppresses rebellion in south. 700
Sag1 120, Sag2 113
c.700 MARDUK-APAL-IDDINA-II, king of Babylon 700, deposed by Sennacherib, flees to south Elam, never heard of again. 700 B76 VI-809,
Sag1 120, Sag2 113
c.700 BEL-IBNI, king of north Babylonia from 702, relieved by Sennacherib, who installs his son ASHUR-NADIN-SHUMI until 694. 700 CAH 3.2, IDB 4-271, MNHK, MRDK, RAI2, Sag1 120, Sag2 113, Sdl 4-258, brKB, frM, hifi, stmaB, wikB     omit: RAI3
c.700 Λ ASTRONOMY V:  Babylonians use their record of eclipses to see regular patterns of eclipses.  They use these patterns to predict lunar eclipses.   (See Hesiod 700, Thales eclipse 585) 700 higrd
c.696 SENNACHERIB, king of Assyria, overlord of Babylonia 705-681, sends troops into Que and Hilakku Provinces to quell local rebellions. 696
B76 1-822
c.694 SENNACHERIB, king of Assyria, overlord of Babylonia 705-681, decides to attack Chaldeans by rivers and Elam by sea, has Arameans build ships at Nineveh. 694 RAI3 321,
Sag2 113
no date: Sag1 120
c.694 SENNACHERIB, king of Assyria, overlord of Babylon 705-681, sea attack on ELAM.  Secures beach head, raids and destroys Elamite cities, captures remnant of Bit-Yakin tribe. 695 RAI2 266
694 Sag2 113,
Sdl 4-290, bk
no date: Sag1 120
c.694 ASHUR-NADIN-SHUMI, son of Sennacherib, king of Babylon from 700, captured at Sippar by HALLUSHU-INSHUSHINAK-II king of Elam 699-93, who installs native Babylonian NERGAL-USHEZIB until 693. 694 CAH 3.2, LEWH 52, MNHK, MRDK, RAI2, RAI3 Sag, Sdl 4-290, brKB, hifi, stmaB, wikB     omit: frM
c.693 SENNACHERIB, king of Assyria, overlord of Babylonia 705-681, returns from south Babylonia, defeats Elamites and NERGAL-USHEZIB at Nipur. 693
IDB 4-271, Sag1 120
c.693 NERGAL-USHEZIB, king of Babylon from 694, displaced by another native Babylonian, MUSHEZIB-MARDUK, who with Aramean support, succeeds to 689. 693 CAH 3.2, MNHK, MRDK, RAI2, Sag, brKB, hifi, stmaB, wikB
692 Sdl 4-291     omit: RAI3, frM
c.692 SENNACHERIB, king of Assyria, overlord of Babylonia 705-681, attacks ELAM from Der province.  Climatic conditions prevent him from penetrating Elam. late 693 Sag2 114
692 B76 9-831, Sag1 121
c.690 1st recorded AQUEDUCT built by Sennacherib to bring water from a tributary of Greater Zab River to Nineveh 50 miles away. 700 TTPC, TTT 691 SHT 1-531
c.689 MUSHEZIB-MARDUK, king of Babylon from 693, rebels against Assyrian governor, defeated by local Assyrian authority, flees to Elam.  HUMBAN-NIMENA-III, king of Elam, and Mushezib-Marduk return with army to province of Arrapkha, and are defeated by Sennacherib at Halule on Diyala RiverESARHADDON, son of Sennacherib, is viceroy of Babylon until 681.  Mushezib-Marduk flees to Babylon. 691 LEWH 52
689 MRDK, RAI2, Sag, Sdl 4-291, brKB, hifi, stmaB, wikB
omit: RAI3, frM
c.689 MUSHEZIB-MARDUK, besieged in Babylon by Sennacherib 9 months, succumbs to famine and disease, surrenders.  SENNACHERIB becomes king of Babylon, takes title: "king of Sumer and Akkad". 689 B76 11-986, CAH 3.2, MCAW 68, MNHK, MRDK, RAI2, Sag1 121, Sag2 114, brKB, hifi, stmaB, wikB
c.689 BABYLON plundered and destroyed by Sennacherib.  Temple of Marduk destroyed.  Water of Arakhtu canal diverted over ruins.  Inner city remains nearly uninhabited 8 years.  Statue of Marduk taken to Assyria. 693 TTPC     689 B76 III-954, 2-555, 11-986, IDB 4-271, Sag1 121, Sag2 114,
Sdl 1-437, mxfld
c.681 Son of Sargon-II, SENNACHERIB dies.  King of Assyria, overlord of Babylon from 705, murdered in Babylon by sons Adramelech & Sharezer.  Son, and legitimate nominee, Esarhaddon, currently in Nineveh, musters army, attacks and defeats the parricides near Nisibis.  ESARHADDON succeeds as king of Assyria and Babylon to 669. 682 LEWH 48     681 B76 1-820, 11-986, BCoC 165, CAH 3.1, 3.2, DOTT 70, FLAP 176, HCC, IDB 4-272, MCAW 68, MNHK, 125, MRDK,
RAH 101, RAI2, RAI3, Sag, Sdl 4-258, SOTS 166, 216, WPoT, absA, bk, brKB, frM, hifi, kidA, lexA, wikB
c.681 ADRAMELECH & SHAREZER, murderers of Sennacherib, flee to Urartu. 681 Sag1 123
c.680 Unnamed CHIEF of BIT-YAKIN tribe, a son of Marduk-Apla-Idina, rebels, blockades the Assyrian governor in Babylon, tries to take Ur, but when Esarhaddon attacks, the chief flees to Elam, where the king decides he is a liability, and executes him.  His brother submits to Esarhaddon, and is made vassal over the Sea Lands. 681
Sag1 124
680
RAI2 270, RAI3 326
c.680 ESARHADDON, king of Assyria and Babylon 681-69, begins rebuilding BABYLON for his Babylonian wife, not without local opposition.  Completed 678. 681 Sdl 1-437     680 MCAW 68
11 yrs after destruction:
RAI3 325, Sag1 125
c.680 ASHUR-AKH-IDDIN appointed governor of Babylon by Esarhaddon until 668. 680 MNHK
c.679 Chaldean Chief of the Dakkuri tribe makes encroachments on Borsippa & Babylon.  Esarhaddon attacks, defeats, and replaces him with a more compliant vassal. 679 Sag1 124
678 B76 III-954
c.679/8 ESARHADDON leaves for Assyria. guess
c.676 ESARHADDON campaigns in Arabia. 676 MCAW 68
c.675 BABYLONIA is now so firmly under Assyrian control that a raid by Humban-Haltash-II king of Elam 681-75, fails to inspire rebellion. 675 RAI2 270, RAI3 326, Sag1 125, Sag2 118
c.672 ESARHADDON, king of Assyria and Babylonia 681-69, with approval of the gods and assent of the family council, proclaims sons crown princes: ASHURBANIPAL of Assyria & SHAMASH-SHUM-UKIN of Babylonia. 672 B76 III-954, 2-144, 11-986, RAI3 329, Sag1 126
c.671 ESARHADDON, king of Assyria and Babylonia 681-69, invades Aram.  In Mediterranean area until 670. 671
RAI3 328
c.670 ESARHADDON has some kind of problem with his nobility in Assyria, because an inscription says he executed many of them in his 11th year. 670
Sag2 119
c.669 ESARHADDON, king of Assyria and Babylonia 681-69, again sets out for Egypt with army, but gets sick. 669 Sag1 127, Sag2 119
c.669 Dec. Son of Sennacherib, ESARHADDON dies.  King of Assyria and Babylonia from 681, dies of illnes at Haran enroute to EgyptSon ASHURBANIPAL succeeds without oppossition as king of Assyria to 631, postpones Egyptian campaign, returns to Assyria. 669 B76 III-954, 2-144, 11-986, CAH 3.1, 3.2, DMoN 184, FLAP 179, GEoP 346, HCC, IDB 2-124, MCAW 68, MRDK, RAH, RAI2, RAI3, Sag, Sdl 4-294, SOTS 216, WPoT 265, absA, bk, frM, hifi, kidA, lexA
668 BCoC 165, BHoE 556
c.668 ASHUR-AKH-IDDIN Assyrian governor of Babylon from 680, replaced by SHAMASH-SHUM-UKIN, as planned by father Esarhaddon until 648. 669 MRDK, hifi     668 CAH 3.1, MNHK, RAI2, RAI3, Sag, brKB, frM, stmaB, wikB     667 CAH 3.1
c.668 ASHURBANIPAL king of Assyria 669-31, (and now in Assyria) makes treaty with TYRE (having been unable to take it). 668 MCAW 68, DBANE 239
c.667 ASHURBANIPAL king of Assyria 669-31, remains in Nineveh, sends army to reconquer Egypt. 667 GEoP 346, Sag1, Sag2 120
no date: RAI3 330
c.664 ELAMITES attack Babylonia. 664 B76 11-987, bk
c.660 ASHURBANIPAL, king of Assyria, reestablishes Assyrian sovereignty over MANNA. 660/59
B76 18-1040
c.656 SHAMASH-SHUM-UKIN king of Babylon 668-48, secret alliance with Chaldeans, Psamtik-I, Elam, Phoenicians, Philistines, Judah, & others, rebels against overlord Ashurbanipal. 656
B76 11-987
c.655 ASHURBANIPAL king of Assyria 669-31, invades Elam, takes capitals Madaktu & Susa. 655 Sag1 131, Sag2
c.654 RUSAS-II king of Urartu 685-45, sends embassy to Ashurbanipal, indicating that he still claims equal status. 654 or after: B76 18-1040
c.654 SHAMASH-SHUM-UKIN king of Babylon 668-48, allies with Psamtik-I, of Egypt. 654 SOTS 233
c.653 MEDES attack Nineveh unsuccesfully. 653 MCAW 70
c.652 SHAMASH-SHUM-UKIN king of Babylon 668-48, allied with Chaldeans, Psamtik-I, Elam, Phoenicians, Philistines, Judah, & others, rebels against overlord Ashurbanipal until 648.  Attacks Babylonian cities held by Asyrian governors. 652 B76 11-987, RAI3 333, Sag1 132, Sdl 1-437,
SOTS 167, 216
651 RAI2 276, bk
c.652 ASHURBANIPAL king of Assyria 669-31, is now fully occupied in Babylonia, and cannot deal with external rebellions until 648. 652
WPOT 166
c.652 Elamite army invades north Babylonia while Shamash-shum-ukin attacks cities held by Assyrian garrisons.  Ashurbanipal defeats Elamites. 652
Sag1 132
c.651 ASHURBANIPAL king of Assyria 669-31, expels Chaldean opposition from south Babylonia, besieges Borsippa and Babylon. no date: B76 11-987, Sag1 132
c.650 Λ CLEPSYDRA (water clock) V used in Assyria. 700-600 TTS
c.650 Λ GLASS:  1st glassmaking "manual" appears in library of Ashurbanipal. 650 vs2fr
c.650 Assyrians defeat a coalition at Babsame (location unknown) on the Tigris. 650 MCAW 72
c.650 Arab attempt to break Ashurbanipal's siege of Babylon fails. 650 Sag1 132
by 650 Almost the whole civilized Near East is under one man - the king of Assyria. by 650 SHWC 35
c.648 BABYLON, besieged by Ashurbanipal from ?, and reduced to cannibalism, falls.  Looted and burnt. 649 bk     648 B76 2-555, 11-987, CAH 3.3, IDB 1-257, MCAW 72, Sag1 132, SOTS 167
c.648 SHAMASH-SHUM-UKIN, son of Esarhaddon, king of Babylon from 668, burns to death in palace.  ASHURBANIPAL occupies throne of Babylon for a year. 649 MRDK, hifi     648 B76 2-145, 11-986, CAH 3.1, 3.2, MNHK, RAI2, RAI3, Sag, Sdl 1-437, SOTS 167, brKB, frM, stmaB, wikB
c.648 ASHURBANIPAL marches to Susa, intervenes in royal succession of Elam but achieves no permanent settlement. 648
Sag1 133
c.647 KANDALANU appointed viceroy of Babylon by Ashurbanipal until 627. 647 CAH 3.1, 3.2, MNHK, RAI2, RAI3, Sag1 133
c.647 ELAM refuses to extradite an Aramean prince to Assyria. 647 B76 11-987
c.644 SARDURI-III, king of Urartu, sends embassy to ASHURBANIPAL acknowledging him as sovereign. 644
B76 18-1040
c.642 ASSYRIAN ARMY marches thru all of ELAM until 639. 642 Sag1 133
c.639 The series of Assyrian campaigns into Elam from 692 ends.  The final campaign from 642 is victorious and ends. 639 B76 9-831, RAI3 334, Sag1 133
c.639 ASHURBANIPAL'S   ANNALS  end here, a detailed, almost novelistic accounts of his military and civic achievements.  He leaves no more history until his death. 640 B76 11-987     639 IDB 1-257, RAI2 310, RAI3 372, Sag1 134, WPOT 166
c.63? LIBRARY at NINEVEH built by Ashurbanipal.  Contains @30,000 tablets, including scientific achievements, medical treatises, multiplication tablets, lists of plants, hymns, prayers, incantations, omens, astronomy/astrology, Sumerian Grammars.  Significant tablets:   Azekah Inscription, Esarhaddon's Treaty with Baal of Tyre, Nimrud Tablet K.3751, Sargon-II's Prism A, Venus tablet of Ammisaduqa, GILGAMISH EPIC, Enuma Elish . no date: MCAW 69, wikLA
c.632 ASSYRIA:  civil war between sons of Ashurbanipal, ASHUR-ETIL-ILANI and SIN-SHAR-ISHKUN.  Ashurbanipal withdraws to Haran. after 635 B76 11-987
c.632 ASSYRIA begins decline. 636-27 ENBD 1303
c.631 Son of Esarhaddon, ASHURBANIPAL ends.  King of Assyria from 669, ends, but doesn't die until 627.  Son ASHUR-ETIL-ILANI is chosen heir, but has to fight his bro SIN-SHAR-ISHKUN until 627. 633 FLAP 180, HCC     632 DOTT 631 RAI2, absA, frM, hifi, kidA, lexA
630 RAI3 373, SOTS 167, 219, Sdl 4-299
c.630 Chaldean NABOPOLASSAR appointed governor of Babylon by Assyrians. 630 MCAW 72
c.627 ASHURBANIPAL, son of Esarhaddon, former king of Assyria 669-31, dies. 631 MCAW 72     629 WPOT 166
627 B76 11-986, CAH 3.1, 3.2, RAI3, WPoT, absA, hifi     626 BCoC 165, MRDK, RAH, Sag, Sdl 1-405, TTPC
c.627 Son of Ashurbanipal, ASHUR-ETIL-ILANI ends.  King of Assyria from 631, ends.  Bro SIN-SHAR-ISHKUN succeeds to 612. 629 HCC, frM, kidA
627 absA, hifi, lexA
623 Sag    621 MRDK
c.627 KANDALANU, king of Babylon from 648, dies.  Son of Ashurbanipal, SIN-SHAR-ISHKUN, succeeds to 620. 630 MCAW 72     627 CAH 3.1, 3.2, MRDK, RAI2, RAI3, Sdl 4-311, SOTS 231, bk, brKB, frM, hifi, stmaB, wikB
626 MNHK, Sag
c.626 early Street fights in Babylon, probably provoked by Nabopolassar. 626 RAI3 373
c.626 SIN-SHUMU-LISHIR in Babylon becomes rival for throne of Assyria until 621. 626 MRDK, absA, hifi, lexA
no date: RAI3     omit: Sag, frM, kidA
c.626 NABOPOLASSAR, Chaldean governor in southern Babylonia, gains independence, rules until 605. 629 hifi     626 B76 2-555, 11-987, BaCh 11, IDB 2-997, MRDK, OCD 157, RAI2 312, Sag1 135, Sdl 1-444, SOTS 322, WPOT 166, 181, bk, brKB, wikB     625 B76 VII-158, CAH 3.1, 3.2, RAI3, WPoT, frM, stmaB
CHALDEAN DYNASTY and NEO-BABYLONIAN EMPIRE both begin until 539.
c.626 NABOPOLASSAR, Chaldean king of southern Babylonia 626-05, makes secret anti-Assyrian alliance with CYAXARES king of Medes. pre-621
Sag1 136
c.626 NABOPOLASSAR, Chaldean king of southern Babylonia 626-05, clears last Assyrian garrisons from Babylonia south of Sippar. by 617
Sag1 137
c.625 PHRAORTES, native chieftain of Medes from 647, killed besieging Nineveh.  Son CYAXARES succeeds to 585. 634 DGRBM 1-908
633 RAH 112
625 B76 III-318, LEWH 53
c.625 CYAXARES, king of Medes 625-585, gathers available forces, renews siege of Nineveh. 634
DGRBM 1-908
c.625 CYAXARES, king of Medes 625-585, leaves Nineveh, attacks Scythians, and is defeated, and becomes subject to Scythians. 634
DGRBM 1-908
c.625 MADIUS the Scythian, king of Medes from 625, goes south with his father to invade Levant.  Cyaxares, son of Phraortes, succeeds as CYAXARES-II to 585. 640 mxfld     625 B76 III-318, 9-832, 11-988, GRG 329, HCC, MRDK, abasP, hifi, irch, KoP, taP, wapP
c.625 SIN-SHAR-ISHKUN fights NABOPOLASSAR until 623. 625 B76 11-988
c.623 ASHUR-ETIL-ILANI, son of Ashurbanipal, claimant to throne of Assyria, killed in battle at Nippur, leaving SIN-SHAR-ISHKUN supreme. 623
RAI3 374
c.623 NIPPUR taken by Nabopolassar. 622 SOTS 231
621 Apr 22 ECLIPSE in 5th year of Nabopolassar. 621 Apr 22 doth
c.620 SIN-SHAR-ISHKUN, king of Assyria 627-12, king of Babylon from 627, flees from Babylon to Nineveh. 626 RAI3 374
620 brKB, hifi, wikB
omit: RAI2, Sag, frM, stmaB
ASSYRIAN RULE of Babylon ends.  Began 732.
NABOPOLASSAR is king of Babylon to 605.
c.617 NABOPOLASSAR, Chaldean king of southern Babylonia 626-05, marches north of Tigris into Aramean lands of Suhu and Hindanu, subdues Arameans, defeats Assyrians.  Counterattacked by Assyrian & Egyptian force.  Withdraws to Babylon. 617
Sag1 137
c.616 NABOPOLASSAR, Chaldean king of southern Babylonia 626-05, counterattacks Assyrian & Egyptian force south of lower Zab River, forces them to withdraw, now controls all Sumer & Akkad. 616 RAI3 374, Sag1 137, SOTS 231
c.616 NABOPOLASSAR, Chaldean king of southern Babylonia 626-05, marches one army up Euphrates to Haran, and another up Tigris to Arapha, which is besieged unsuccessfully. 616
RAI2 312, RAI3 374, Sdl 4-313
c.616 NABOPOLASSAR / CYAXARES-II alliance. 616 CMoG3 214
c.615 NABOPOLASSAR, Chaldean king of southern Babylonia 626-05, attacks religious capital Ashur, defeated by Assyrians, flees to Takrit.  SIN-SHAR-ISHKUN, king of Assyria 627-12 suspects invasion by Medes, doesn't pursue Nabopolassar, assumes defensive posture, seeks alliance with Egypt. 615
Sag1 137-8, Sdl 4-314
no date:
RAI3 375
c.615 CYAXARES-II king of Medes 625-585 takes Assyrian border city ARAPHA to establish a base of operations. 615 B76 9-833, 11-988, MCAW 74, RAI3 375, Sag1 138, Sdl 4-314, irch
c.615 CYAXARES-II invades Assyria. 616 B76 11-988     615 B76 9-833 615/4 RAI3 375     614 Sag1 138
c.614 CYAXARES-II king of Medes 625-585 besieges NINEVEH, but fails to capture, takes Tarbisu, takes and destroys ASHUR. 616 B76 11-988, bk     614 B76 III-318, 9-833, 11-988, IDB 2-997, RAI2 313, RAI3 375, Sag1 138, Sdl 4-314, SOTS 219, 233
c.614 NABOPOLASSAR, Chaldean king of southern Babylonia 626-05, leads army to Ashur, but arrives too late to participate in battle or plunder, makes treaty with CYAXARES-II king of Medes. 614 RAI3 375, Sag1 138
614/3 Sdl 4-314
c.614 Assyrians march down Euphrates to attack Nabopolassar.  SUHU tribes north of Tigris now rebel against Nabopolassar.  Assyrian/Egyptian coalition forces Nabopolassar to abandon siege of Anah and return to Babylon. 614
RAI2 313, Sag1 138
c.614 Anti-Assyrian ALLIANCE:  CYAXARES-II & NABOPOLASSAR. 614 B76 11-988, MCAW 74, RAI3 376     613 B76 9-833, Sag1 138
c.613 Median siege of NINEVEH lifted, possibly because of Scythian attack on Medes. 613 FLAP 184
c.613 NABOPOLASSAR, Chaldean king of southern Babylonia 626-05, campaigns unsuccessfully along Euphrates. 613
RAI3 376, Sdl 4-314
c.612 SCYTHIANS persuaded by Medes to join coalition against Assyria. 612 MCAW 74
c.612 CALAH, former capital of Assyria, taken by coalition. 612 B76 11-988
c.612 Siege of NINEVEH resumed, this time with Medes, Scythians, and Babylonians combined.  Part of Assyrian defenses are washed away by flooding Tigris. 612 B76 9-833, FLAP 184, MCAW 74, RAI3 376,
Sag1 139, Sdl 4-315
c.612 After 3 month siege, NINEVEH, capital of Assyria from 704, falls to coalition. 612 B76 9-833, 17, 946, CAH 3.2,
FLAP 183, MCAW 74, RAH, RAI2 313, Sag1 139, Sdl 4-315, SOTS 167, 218, WBH 20
NEO-ASSYRIAN Period ends.  Began 912.

Mesopotamia 612-501
V